Where there’s a road there’s a way
A number of you have asked me in comments on my blog about how we involve local communities in our roads programmes. And I'm overdue to tell you about my recent field visit, which I mentioned in my blog on DFID's Bilateral Aid Review announcement. These two issues fit together neatly.
My visit was to a road between Kisangani – the town at the famous 'bend in the river' which VS Naipaul wrote about in his book of the same name, and that was Colonel Kurtz's Inner Station in Conrad's Heart of Darkness – and Ubundu, 128km to the south.
Before the road was rehabilitated, it was wide enough only for bikes and pedestrians. The rainforest can re-cover roads in the space of just a year if they are not constantly maintained. Picture: UNOPS
The road was important before the conflict because the Congo river is impassable along this stretch, due to a series of treacherous cataracts. But with no finance in the government coffers to maintain the road, and with security in the area very low during the war, the rainforest quickly ate the road back up. Only bikes or pedestrians could make it the length of the road, and a full rehabilitation was needed to help reinvigorate the local economy and ensure people could access basic health and education services.
To rehabilitate the road, the people who lived in the area were asked about their needs and the impact a new road would have on their lives. A system of local labour-based construction was used in the first phase of the project, providing a large number of days of labour for the local economy.
As I mentioned in my last post, our programmes include targets on employing women from the local community. And in eastern DR Congo, where the peace remains fragile, we are also employing ex-combatants to ensure they have incomes and therefore less of a reason to return to fighting. Where there are local indigenous populations and forest dwellers, our programmes take their needs into account as they are designed. And – given my dual role on infrastructure and environment – we take environmental issues around road-building very seriously indeed. But that will be the subject of a future post.
A cantonnier, or lengthman, maintains his stretch of the newly rehabilitated K2 road. Picture: UNOPS
To return to my first DR Congo field visit, the road had been re-opened in September 2010. So we were able to drive the length of a brand new – albeit unpaved – road.
We learnt huge amounts during the course of this project – not least how crucial an effective system for financing and implementing maintenance is. I'll write more about that in future posts too, but the key point here is that the system we're using to ensure this road stays open also involves the local communities. Using an old colonial – but very effective – system, the DR Congo's national road fund finances 'cantonniers', or road maintenance workers, who each maintain 1km of the road and are paid if they deliver satisfactory results. This ensures not only new employment opportunities, but also that the communities benefiting from the road have a stake in its upkeep.